Is It Safe to Take CBD With Other Drugs


How Cbd Interacts With Pharmaceutical Merchandise And Different Drugs

Is It Safe to Take CBD With Other Drugs?

Pending taking medical advice , you could use the “grapefruit warning” as a rule of thumb to determine whether or not you must avoid CBD whilst using a selected medication. However, CBD’s inhibition of the cytochrome P450 enzyme system means it has the potential to interfere with 90% of the medicine on the market. You can view a full list of CBD’s drug interactions on websites like MedlinePlus and American Academy of Family Physicians. Even if the medicine you’re taking isn’t on certainly one of these lists, it’s still safest to seek the advice of your physician earlier than taking CBD. The cytochrome P450 enzyme system contains over 50 enzymes, six of which metabolize about 90% of the medicine we eat. Whenever you take a drug, these enzymes work to interrupt down the drug’s chemical compounds into substances your body can use.
Statin medication are used to cut again the production of ldl ldl cholesterol by the liver. CBD may intrude with the metabolism of those drugs on the CYP3A4 enzymes — although the possibility of experiencing antagonistic aspect-effects with this mix is uncommon — they aren’t nonexistent.
Is It Safe to Take CBD With Other Drugs?
And because issues are unregulated, you can by no means ensure of whether or not the additional components current in the CBD product could likewise intrude with your treatment. Some brands might not even provide a full, trustworthy record of ingredients on the bottle. Furthermore, many full-spectrum CBD oils include other cannabinoids besides CBD, including THC—albeit in hint quantities.
In truth, drugs may even interact with meals or drinks you eat or drink as correctly. One of the most well-favored examples of that’s grapefruits or grapefruit juice with certain medicines. You want to pay specific consideration to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, on account of the medicine and the CBD oil have an similar impression in your physique. CBD drug interactions with NSAID medicines relate to the affect of the medicine. That being talked about, prospects must be cautious when combining remedy, notably with medicine of which the whole impression simply isn’t yet recognized. The neatest factor to do is prepare caution and totally read up on the entire CBD drug interactions and potential undesirable negative effects to avoid any potential points.

Does CBD Oil Help In Fibromyalgia Treatment?

In uncommon cases, marijuana and drug interactions may lead to customers fainting or even going into shock. Moderate hashish and drug interactions are potential when mixing sedatives and CBD oil. Muscle relaxants, corresponding to cyclobenzaprine and tizanidine, also can cause medical marijuana drug interactions. Also, CBD and naproxen interactions can result in extended results of the medicine. In this case, a number of the side effects embody nausea, heartburn, and reduced blood pressure. Buspirone is an anti-anxiety medication, generally prescribed with antidepressants, used to deal with generalized anxiety dysfunction.

Alcohol and cannabis are each extensively consumed in our society and the effects of combining the two are well known. If you are apprehensive that your CYP450 pathway will not be functioning properly, physicians can check the system to make sure that the medicines you’re taking are metabolizing as anticipated. Concerta are two other popular pharmaceutical medications for ADHD that fall into this category. However, sure substances have the ability to affect processing instances within this technique, making drugs metabolize faster or slower than they would on their own. A prescription cannabidiol oil is considered an effective anti-seizure medicine. However, further analysis is needed to find out CBD’s other benefits and security. An IV would provide probably the most direct route, Henry stated, as it’s placing the drug right into your blood.
At current, there is no recognized CBD interplay with paracetamol but studies have shown that CBD can enhance the consequences of drugs with a risk of blood-thinning . You may have been told prior to now not to eat grapefruit when on sure medicine. Grapefruit containsfuranocoumarins which bind with, and neutralise, CYP 450 enzymes which might cause excessive ranges of a drug to get into your bloodstream.

Include CBD In Your Daily Regimen for A Better Healthy Lifestyle

A drug that’s safe on its own can even enhance the hazard of extreme unwanted side effects for a extra dangerous drug. CBD has the potential to work along with a broad number of medicine in a signifies that primarily impacts drug metabolism. The above DOH research explains that when these enzymes are inhibited, serum concentrations of the above drugs rise for an extended time interval than in individuals who took the drugs with out CBD.
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FDA continues to be concerned at the proliferation of merchandise asserting to comprise CBD which are marketed for therapeutic or medical makes use of although they haven’t been accredited by FDA. Often such merchandise are bought on-line and are subsequently out there all through the nation.
In this article, we’re going to discover a number of different CBD drug interactions and focus on important information each CBD consumer ought to concentrate on. Due to the nature of chemical compounds, just about every substance, together with CBD, will work together with different substances. For instance, labels on quite a lot of prescription drugs will advise you to keep away from grapefruit when taking the medication because it can significantly affect how the physique metabolizes the drug. CBD itself has been shown Aitana in research to be an effective inhibitor of the CYP3A4 enzyme, a chemical catalyst liable for the effectiveness of greater than half of all prescribed drugs. A affected person who takes CBD along side a medicine that is determined by CYP3A4 for its metabolism dangers lowering the effectiveness of the medication in query. It might negate the impact totally or may even trigger toxic levels of the drug to remain within the blood stream even when the affected person takes the prescribed dose.

Cbd And Opioids

Many extra people with the identical situation have to be studied to determine causation. Without it, trusting CBD as a “remedy” for that condition is little better than superstition. For instance, many studies have been conducted, however extracting medically-vital results from trials of any substance could be a lengthy process.

If you believe you studied that you are not metabolizing CBD oil as expected, ask your physician to check your cytochrome P450 enzyme system before adjusting your dosage. When taking cannabidiol, it is very important eat solely the really helpful serving dimension. In individuals who solely drink socially or often, ADH and ALDH handle the entire workload of metabolizing ethanol. However, when binge ingesting CYP450 gets involved to help the overloaded ADH and ALDH pathways. If just one drug is being processed, and the system is mostly healthy, these averages provide accurate dosage data. According to Davis’s Drug Guide, this technique accommodates greater than 50 enzymes that course of and eliminate toxins. Another cause for concern is the unreliability of the purity and dosage of CBD in merchandise.

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However, there are some substances that may affect the ability of the CYP to course of therapeutic drugs in such a method as to either quicken or sluggish the whole course of. This means that when a person consumes carbohydrates, for example, the food needs to be broken down within the liver into its constituent compounds for it to be absorbed by the body. The liver converts carbohydrates into sugars, proteins into smaller amino acids, whereas fats are transformed into triglycerides. Instead, metabolism is the method by which meals substances are broken down and then digested within the body.
The company has acquired tales of opposed events in patients using hashish or cannabis-derived merchandise to treat medical circumstances. Therefore, always double-verify the climate on merchandise purchased as tinctures to verify the content materials. These merchandise don’t must have the dose measured and are, subsequently, primarily probably the most secure technique of utilizing CBD. Some stories even counsel CBD and Metformin have a optimistic interaction — resulting in even higher outcomes when mixed. CBD ought to by no means be used alongside immunosuppressants besides underneath direct advice by your prescribing doctor. Some of the alternative cannabinoids in hashish vegetation also can interfere with stimulants — primarily THC.
If you are looking to use CBD merchandise to alleviate any medical problems that you are experiencing then prior information about its drug-drug interactions is significant. This knowledge about how CBD can impression other medicine in the physique system is not going to only prevent from any undesirable points but may even assist you to to extract extra benefits out of your CBD use. This article explores drug interactions with CBD that might be probably dangerous. A report by the District of Columbia’s Department of Health overlaying cannabis and CBD drug interactions identifies two specific cytochrome enzymes that CBD inhibits. Your body uses all kinds of techniques to do away with medication, and crucial of these are enzymes–chemical compounds that break down other chemical substances.
  • Research suggests that there’s a relationship between the body’s opioids—endogenous, or naturally occurring opioids—and endocannabinoid system, although the precise mechanisms stay unknown.
  • Nor will each treatment throughout the courses contained on this report will cause an interaction.
  • The report states that CYP3A4 is answerable for breaking down antihistamines, positive statins, calcium channel blockers, and numerous different completely different drug programs.
  • With that being mentioned, it is extremely essential to consult with a medical professional in order to determine the correct dosage of CBD to effectively alleviate epileptic seizures.

As at all times, it’s imperative that you just seek the advice of along with your doctor when you have any questions regarding CBD’s potential interaction with any drugs you might be at present taking or plan to take. The above DOH examine explains that when these enzymes are inhibited, serum concentrations of the above medication rise for an extended time frame than in individuals who took the medication without CBD. A decrease concentration of these cytochrome enzymes signifies that pharmaceuticals hit harder and last longer Allueur Hemp and CBD Infused Skincare Products as a result of they aren’t being damaged down as rapidly. Since CBD inhibits the production of cytochrome P450 enzymes to an extent, the result’s an interplay that impairs drug metabolism. This class of enzymes also breaks down compounds found in pharmaceuticals, which permits our our bodies to experience their effects over a constant time frame and at a consistent depth stage. This guide will clarify how CBD interacts with medication, which medication are concerned in these interactions, and the way to greatest handle these interactions.

Most Common Cbd Drug Interactions And Side Effects

We’re a household enterprise founded within the belief that modern drugs is broken and in need of options to dangerous prescription drugs. Founded in 2018 Spruce produces American made, highest high quality, lab grade CBD. By default then, if you’re unable to drink grapefruit juice whereas taking your prescription medicine, it could be unsafe to take CBD as well. CBD edibles are generally out there in two varieties and they’re CBD dominant and balanced CBD/THC edibles. Balanced edibles usually comprise equal amounts of CBD and THC whereas the dominant edibles contain very less amount of THC. Most of the individuals generally choose the dominant edibles as they will not show any psychoactive effect on its customers.

However, this is certainly not a strong take a look at and you must always verify with your pharmacist of physician first . How profitable it’s in its competition with other medicines is dependent upon a couple of components, but principally the quantity of CBD that enters into the bloodstream.

Muscle Relaxants And Cbd

If you’re seeking to strive CBD as an add on or a supplement to ease symptoms of a certain condition, it’s suggested to consult along with your doctor first. For example, many individuals know that taking an excessive amount of Tylenol or Aspirin in a single sitting, can have detrimental results, specifically to the liver. When taken in moderate doses (Therapeutic CBD doses vary from 0.5 mg/kg/day to 20 mg/kg per day), there isn’t any evidence of hurt by itself. CBD has the potential to interact with a broad choice of medicine in a means that primarily affects drug metabolism.

“I do think that many individuals assume that CBD is benign and it’s safe — and it’s comparatively protected in comparison with so many drugs out there. The amount of CBD your body absorbs and sends to the bloodstream through the pores and skin is probably going negligible, according to Henry. Therefore, likelihood is low that you just’ll experience any sort of interaction with your medication when utilizing CBD topically, like through a lotion or cream. In different phrases, the risk of getting a severe drug interaction could also be lower if you take your drugs and CBD at completely different occasions of the day. How intensely this all performs out in your body mainly depends on the dosage of both the medicine and the CBD that you’re taking, Hurd mentioned.
Discuss together with your doctor its dosage before utilizing it to avoid unnecessary confusion. It is better to make a remark of your symptoms that you just observe while taking CBD on a chunk of paper from day 1. Its dosage generally depends on varied elements like body weight, gender and and so forth. Hemp oil and NSAIDs every think about lowering inflammation inside the physique. At the equivalent time, it’s essential to remember that CBD can work along with some medicines.

Actually, the extent to which cannabidiol inhibits the CYP system depends on the particular person’s distinctive physiology, the kind of cannabidiol product consumed, and the amount ingested. This is as a result of these elements decide how tightly the cannabidiol molecules will bind to the active enzyme website; with tighter bonds causing extra competitive inhibition. Preclinical research has proven that CBD may instantly have an effect on the CYP system within the liver. This is as a result of CBD often binds itself to the location of enzyme exercise and acts as a kind of “competitive inhibitor”, which displaces its chemical rivals from being metabolized.

Another anti-seizure drug that’s recognized to work together with CBD is eslicarbazepine , though less extreme than the previous two. It can be utilized alone or with different drugs to deal with focal seizures in adults and kids by decreasing the variety of attacks. Other substances like watercress and St. John’s Wort would possibly produce an identical effect when mixed with certain medicine.
These embody nervousness, melancholy, schizophrenia, inflammatory and neuropathic pain, Parkinson’s illness, Crohn’s and different types of inflammatory bowel illness, in addition to sure kinds of cancer.

The Ultimate Word: Cbd And Drug Interactions

Common unwanted effects when taking beta-blockers and CBD oil collectively embrace dropping your blood strain. They moreover signal the blood vessels to confide in enhance blood flow and lower adrenaline. Extralabel use ought to modify to the entire provisions of AMDUCA and its implementing regulation at 21 CFR § 530. Some folks need the blended results of THC and CBD to take care of their indicators and like high-CBD marijuana strains, whereas others who solely must enjoy the non-psychoactive CBD select excessive-CBD hemp oil.
Is It Safe to Take CBD With Other Drugs?
CBD drug interactions with NSAID medicine relate to the influence of the drugs. The largest set of enzymes are the cytochrome p-450 group , which are answerable for breaking down about seventy 5% of the treatment and leisure treatment that we take. It’s moreover important to remember that topical CBD merchandise , don’t enter your bloodstream, which signifies that potential for interplay with utterly completely different treatment goes down close to zero. In many circumstances, a health care provider might have the ability to recommend a viable CBD product. They can counsel right dosing data and a schedule that’s safe to take together along with your present medicines that gained’t trigger drug interactions with CBD. Let’s take a better look of just how CBD impacts the physique, and a few potential interactions with completely different medicine to look out for. With all kinds of drug interactions occurring with many people, it solely is smart to analysis how would CBD work along with fully totally different potential widespread medicines.
Some of the most commonly used pain-killers embody fentanyl, oxycodone, morphine, and codeine. While it was believed that opioids and CBD elevated emotions of drowsiness when combined, new research reveals that CBD and opioids use can actually enhance the consequences of CBD oil. Also, cannabidiol could possibly be used instead Best CBD Face Serums of opioids because of decrease-threat CBD oil unwanted side effects. One drug on the blood thinners list that interacts with cannabidiol is warfarin, used to treat existing blood clots and prevent new ones from forming. This is particularly true of clobazam, which may have serious interactions with CBD.
The challenge is recognizing the potential dangers from interactions collectively with your prescription medicines. When you’re taking a prescription treatment in your well being, you want to avoid drug interactions. Researchers have printed a listing of fifty seven medicine which is able to interact with cannabinoid merchandise, together with cannabis and cannabidiol oil. The listing incorporates often prescribed medicines, similar to anticoagulants, ache relievers, and contraception pills. They embrace many painkillers, anti-inflammatories, antipsychotics, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, statins, opioids, and different groups.

What’s Cbd Oil, The Way It Makes You Feel, And Its ..

CBD can inhibit the activity of cytochrome P450 — a family of liver enzymes that metabolize toxins and sure medication that enter the human physique. CBD drug interactions is that it can result in raising the degrees of sure medication within the physique system — resulting in toxicity or amplified unwanted side effects. Therefore, It’s important to talk about these medications first which might be extensively used and have the potential to trigger harm on a larger scale. The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication may be affected by CBD consumption. These medicine are processed by the liver, so there are possible drug interactions with CBD hemp oil. If you’re taking totally different medication or dietary dietary supplements which are moreover broken down throughout the liver, there is a potential for interactions between them to happen.
Like these medication, THC and CBD even have a sedative affect on the physique. This drug is metabolized by the liver enzymes that CBD blocks and may end up in major drug interactions with CBD oil. It’s completely pure to be concerned about potential CBD drug interactions and their unwanted side effects. CBD may cause drug interactions so your physician would possibly want to watch you while you’re taking it in case you’re taking it with the remaining. Without surroundings pleasant metabolism of a medicine, the doctor’s prescribed dose might end in poisonous ranges of the drug enhance. Contrary to nicely-appreciated notion, drug interactions can occur with over the counter medicines and even natural dietary supplements, not merely with prescription medicines.
Is It Safe to Take CBD With Other Drugs?
Even if the medication you’re taking isn’t on certainly one of these lists, it’s nonetheless most secure to seek the advice of your doctor earlier than taking CBD. Unlike these two treatment, totally totally different statins like pravastatin and rosuvastatin aren’t confirmed to be affected by cannabidiol. Cannabidiol use could decelerate the metabolism of eslicarbazepine throughout the physique and thus improve the efficiency of the drug inside the system, nonetheless solely by a small diploma.
If you’re dealing with points like ache, anxiousness, insomnia, or seizures, you would be excited about utilizing cannabidiol oil to go looking out help. Everything you learn on CBD Awareness Project, corresponding to textual content material, graphics, photographs, and other supplies, is for informational purposes solely and does not represent medical advice. To find out, researchers created a scientific model utilizing mice, who got each antidepressants and CBD oil.

Although there are little or no drug interactions between CBD oil and antibiotics, rifampin is thought to lower the effect of CBD on the body. Carbamazepine , an anticonvulsant, and prednisone, a corticosteroid, have the identical impact on cannabidiol. According to the drug interplay checker, cyclobenzaprine interactions with CBD are categorized as reasonable. A Flexeril-CBD oil combo might increase the unwanted side effects of the medicine, corresponding to dizziness, confusion, and a scarcity of concentration. Because it reduces the substances in the physique that cause inflammation, it may also be beneficial for spondylitis, acute migraines, complications, in addition to menstrual cramps. Diclofenac interactions with cannabidiol can result in liver points, as well as bleeding complications, especially after frequent use.
Also, cannabidiol cannot be included in products marketed with therapeutic claims. Cannabidiol can solely be included in “beauty” merchandise and provided that it incorporates less than zero.3% THC. But there are still merchandise labeled as dietary dietary supplements available on the market that comprise cannabidiol. The quantity of cannabidiol contained in these products isn’t all the time reported accurately on the product label. This web site is for instructional functions solely; no data is intended or implied to be an alternative choice to skilled medical recommendation.

NSAIDs help scale back irritation by inhibiting COX2 and promoting exercise at cannabidiol receptors. Thus, this stimulatory impact on the body’s endocannabinoid system factors to potential interactions with CBD. Since NSAIDs are primarily metabolized by CYP, this indicates that CBD can potentially extend their metabolism and likewise accentuate their unwanted side effects. For instance, therapeutic drugs which are metabolized by the Cytochrome-P450 system may be inhibited by cannabidiol.
In this case, some of the undesirable side effects embody nausea, heartburn, and lowered blood pressure. Buspirone is an anti-nervousness treatment Allueur Hemp and CBD Infused Skincare Products, generally prescribed with antidepressants, used to cope with generalized nervousness dysfunction. Other blood thinners corresponding Vittorio to rivaroxaban and apixaban enhance the chance of undesirable unwanted side effects, whereas some medicines like heparin and edoxaban have not proven any important interplay with CBD. Warfarin is metabolized by the CYP2C9 enzyme, the equal one that CBD is claimed to dam.
Is It Safe to Take CBD With Other Drugs?
Beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers are used to deal with angina, blood pressure, tachycardia, and migraines. Interactions between CBD oil and beta and calcium channel blockers may lead to lower blood stress which will trigger the buyer to really actually feel weak, torpid, and dizzy. Sometimes, these larger drug ranges can result in dangerous undesirable side effects. Remember, using the CBD merchandise together with different medicine without taking medical advice from your doctor can result in some facet-results like diarrhea, dry mouth and and so forth. One widespread mistake that lots of people do to make use of it is they stop taking their prescription medicines. If you’re actually determined to use it then make an appointment together with your doctor to discuss about it. When you’re taking blood-thinning medicines, likeWarfarin, you may need unwanted effects or interactions with the hemp oil.
As a finish result, it may take a sure treatment for for much longer to start doing its impact and the accrued dose can also be harmful to the physique instead of being curative. In some conditions, lowered effectiveness of medicine could manifest inside the kind of blood’s diminished functionality to clot.

As you will note, many of these are cytochrome P450 enzymes, or CYP450s for short. Therefore, when you’re taking any prescription drug falling into the CYP450 enzymes category, it’s best to seek the advice of with a medical skilled before starting a CBD regimen. The two medication that should never be taken with CBD oils or other CBD dietary dietary supplements are clobazam and valproic acid. Taking CBD with clobazam might intensify the way this drug works, increasing its unwanted effects too. Similarly, your doctor could even let you regulate the dosages of both the therapy and CBD so you’ll be capable of take every concurrently however as well as accomplish that safely. There is currently little or no data on how these merchandise — even the regulated ones — may have an effect on the perform of different, prescribed medicines. Let’s take a larger look of simply how CBD impacts the physique, and a few potential interactions with different medication to look out for.
The explicit person’s immune system could also be negatively affected by this interaction between CBD and the CYP enzymes. There is presently little or no information on how these merchandise — even the regulated ones — may impact the operate of assorted, prescribed drugs.
Without efficient metabolism of a medication, the physician’s prescribed dose may lead to poisonous levels of the drug increase. Again, the analysis continues to be in its infancy, but CBD does have some documented effects on the physique that increase concerns about the best way CBD may interact with other medications—even an excellent many medications. Here’s an in-depth take a look at how CBD might work together with different substances, including over-the-counter medicines and pharmaceuticals. When the P-450 pathway is occupied with CBD, it may take your body longer to process medicine. CBD can affect the metabolization of those medicine and the blood pressure could drop too much if they are taken together. Yes and no as a result of depending on your case adding CBD on your medication might or may not do good. CBD can also make different drugs more practical, so you can cut back the dosage and experience less unfavorable unwanted effects to take care of.
If you might be considering utilizing CBD oil to handle epilepsy symptoms, please communicate along with your doctor first. It must be famous that the above list of Rx medicine that don’t mix with CBD products is by no means exhaustive, as there are lots of extra. Hence, the need to first consult with your physician earlier than utilizing any cannabidiol product with other medication. Without doubt, CBD is a strong therapeutic agent that may ship many benefits including pain relief. However, it can also interact with different medicine due to its inhibiting effect on the body’s CYP system as discussed earlier. Grapefruit is understood to work together with certain medications in the same manner that cannabidiol does. The solely distinction in this case is that grapefruit is usually contraindicated on drug labels, whereas CBD just isn’t.
A recent examine of eighty four CBD products bought on-line showed that greater than a quarter of the merchandise contained less CBD than labeled. Currently, the one CBD product permitted by the Food and Drug Administration is a prescription oil called Epidiolex. CBD does not include tetrahydrocannabinol , the psychoactive ingredient present in marijuana that produces a excessive.

If it’s not very much, it’s going to have little or no to no noticeable impact on the CYP activity and the majority of the drugs might be metabolized. On the opposite hand, if a large dose of CBD is taken, it will bind to much more of the positioning of enzyme exercise and leave much more of the other medication to not be metabolized. A lot of individuals consider metabolism in terms of how easily or slowly they gain and shed weight, often claiming to have a “quick” or “gradual” metabolism. In scientific phrases, that is what is called the basal metabolic rate, or the amount of calories an individual requires in order to maintain normal body functions while at relaxation.
They are often prescribed to treat individuals with anxiety, high blood pressure, and other heart conditions. Beta-blockers lower blood strain by reducing the heart price, the heart’s workload and the heart’s output of blood.

If you don’t share with them your full drug historical past (together with any CBD oil you’re taking), the dose they suggest is also larger or lower than it ought to be. From there, the CBD is transported by the blood to the liver the place it enters the liver via the hepatic portal. Best Hemp and CBD Sun Screens for Tanning Once the CBD is contained in the liver, it’s broken down into its metabolites by enzymes after which it could be circulated all by means of the physique inside the bloodstream. The use of CBD oil for irritation and painhas flip into an thrilling options for individuals who endure (see our article, What is CBD? for extra information). Nor will every remedy contained in the classes contained on this report will trigger an interplay. Second, CBD can impression how CYP450 enzymes are produced by your liver, making it produce not enough of some enzymes or an extreme amount of of others. You’ll likely really feel extra relaxed in about 2-4 hours, nevertheless it’s potential edibles gained’t be just finest for you.
Preventing the breakdown of this chemical and growing its levels within the blood seems to scale back psychotic signs related to conditions similar to schizophrenia. Cannabidiol might also block some of the psychoactive results of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol . Keep in mind that topical CBD, likeour skincare and massage range, could be another answer if your causes for taking CBD are to focus on a particular space.

Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva

Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva

Elena is an avid blogger who enjoys writing articles on fashion, beauty, lifestyle, fitness and recently, CBD niches. Elena has been described as a "delightfully eccentric with a creative take on things" (New York Times) with an ability to "bring you new facts that will make you go WOW!" (Vanity Fair). Elena has been writing since her uni days where she was a regular contributor to the student magazine. After pursuing a career in finance in the heart of London's financial hub, Elena has decided to start blogging in her spare time as an outlet for her creativity and ideas. During her spare time, Elena enjoy horse riding, camping and hiking, interior design and keeping abreast with the latest trends. Elena is in the process of starting up her own beauty cosmetics line in the near future. Elena is also a contributing author to fashion and lifestyle magazines and has been featured in Vice, Country Living, Harrods magazine, Daily Telegraph, Grazia and Women's Health.